In the Indian state of Tamil Nadu’s Tiruchirapalli (Trichy) district is the well-known Shiva temple of Jambukeswarar Temple, Thiruvanaikaval (also known as Thiruvanaikal, Jambukeswaram). However, this temple was established by Kocengannan (Kochengat Cholan), one of the Early Cholas. It is situated on the island of Srirangam, which is home to the well-known Ranganathaswamy temple.

The element of water, or neer in Tamil, is represented by this temple at Thiruvanaikal, one of the five main Shiva temples in Tamil Nadu (Pancha Bhoota Stalam), which stands for the Mahbhta or five great elements. The sanctum of Jambukeswara has an underground water stream, and despite being pumped dry, it is always filled with water.